Despite how much it is costing you, the electric car, either in its pure version (BEV, Battery Electric Vehicl e), or in the plug-in hybrid (PHEV, Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle ) is gaining addicts in society .
The first has a single electric motor that recharges to the current as a mobile ; the second has one that is plugged into the power grid, and another gasoline that prevents it from standing still . Different from the pure hybrid car (non-pluggable), whose combustion engine has a greater weight in its operation than the electric motor, which is recharged exclusively with the movement of the car and its braking.
According to the Ulises study, in the last wave of April, almost six out of ten Spaniards (58.8%) believe that in 30 years most cars will be electric or use renewable energy.
Opinion that has increased 7.6 percentage points on the previous study of October 2016. Men see the clean car more strongly (61.9% of respondents), compared to women (55.8%); although in the latter the percentage of believers has increased 10 points since October.
64% consider the electric car as the ideal solution for the city
A social trend detected in other studies, such as in Mobility of the Renting Alphabet company, according to which 64% of Spaniards consider the electric car as the ideal solution for cities, 72% for Madrid and 62% for Barcelonians.
However, there is a great distance between what Spaniards think and what they do. The electric car does not pass an anecdote in the statistics of the DGT.
Last year , 4,746 electric passenger cars (pure or plug-in) were purchased , which is a mere 0.41% of the total market. It is true that registrations increased by 51%, but it is still far from other countries , especially the Nordic ones, where electric cars account for 24% in Norway, 2.8% in Sweden, 2.3% in Iceland and 1.8% in the Netherlands.
The experts do not doubt that the vehicle moved by renewable energies has an upward trajectory in Spain and in the rest of the world . However, this change of social trend does not come alone, it is accompanied by a mutation of the social concept of the car.
Increasingly, it ceases to be a symbol of status or freedom, to be seen as a mere tool of mobility . Many young people no longer aspire to have a car, but to have a carnet and be able to use a vehicle at some time, without having to own one.
So, it does not matter so much what car you have, but what car you need for each trip .
The electric car, solution for cities
In this sense, the electric gains positions in urban environments , where levels of pollution are pilling the vehicles moved with diesel and gasoline.
The restrictions announced by European city councils, Madrid and Barcelona among them, cause that part of the professionals look at the electric as an alternative. The taxi or the delivery are two affected groups.
Despite what is said, there is no political will for the electric car
Juan Carlos Rodríguez, a taxi driver from Madrid, replaced a diesel Skoda with an electric Nissan Leaf two years ago, driven by the need to save fuel and reduce maintenance costs . “I’m delighted,” he says, and comments that what began as an economic motivation has given way to an “environmentalist” spirit . Now, not everything has been a path of roses in this change.
Unlike what people think, it is not necessary to have your own garage to install the charger . Rodriguez, who lives in an apartment, rented a parking space and ordered to install a recharging post. “It took a day to install it, but the electric company used 2 months to give light, two months I had stopped the electric,” he says. “Despite what is said, there is no political will for the electric car, ” he says.
And he gives as an example the scarcity of recharging points in the cities . He knows where they are and recognizes that Nissan’s decision to install them in their dealerships, where they can recharge for free , has been very useful.
But consider that in Madrid, as there is in Barcelona, poles should be installed at taxi stands or places like the airport.
That would make other of the great handicaps of the electric car, the autonomy of operation , dissipate. “Many colleagues are waiting to see how we are doing to decide to change the diesel for the electric”.
“I spend 1.5 euros a day on electricity”
The Valencian Aland Bru is a member of the Tesla Spain Club and a year ago he switched to cars with an electric motor, buying a Tesla Model S.
“I’ve gone from paying about 10 euros per day of diesel oil to around 1.5 euros in electricity,” says Bru, who recharges his electric car through an ordinary socket in his garage during the night.
In addition to the silence of the engine, comfort and power, Bru highlights its clean energy . “We must all contribute our bit for a cleaner world.”